Pronunciation of Egyptian Words

Pronunciations by Morna Mathers

Please note: Our understanding of Ancient Egyptian pronunciations is based on the Coptic language still used by a small religious sect. Ideas about pronunciations are slowly changing as more understanding becomes available.

Stela of Amenenhat
Prehirwenemef (or Pa-ra-her-wenem-ef)Means “Ra is at his right hand”. He was the second son of Ramases II and his principle Queen, Nefertari.
Amenemhat18th Dynasty supervisor
HenuttawyHis wife. Means “mistress of the 2 lands”
Stature of Osiris
NekhekhaA flail – emblem of Kingship, held in the right hand.
HekaA crook – another emblem of Kingship, held in the left hand.
HedjetWhite crown of upper Egypt (the south).
WadjytCobra goddess of Buto, a city in lower Egypt (North)
UraeusThe depiction of the cobra on the crown of the King.
MaatA state of truth, justice and harmony.
AtefThe crown of Osiris.
KhnumCreator god with ram’s head from upper Egypt.
DjedetAncient name for the modern city of Mendes in lower Egypt.
ShuGod of the air.
TefnutGoddess of moisture.
GebGod of the earth.
NutGoddess of the sky.
NephthysSister of Isis, Osiris and Seth. Lady of the mansion.
Khenty-imentwForemost of the west: Epithet of Osiris.
Wenen-neferForever perfect: Another epithet of Osiris.
Coptic Jars
ImsetyJar with the head of a Human – contains the Liver – Pointing to the South.
HapyJar with the head of an Ape – contains the Lungs – Pointing to the North.
DuamutefJar with the head of a Jackal – contains the Stomach – Pointing to the East.
QebehsenuefJar with the head of a Falcon – contains the Intestines – Pointing the West.
Workmen of the Pharaoh’s Tombs
Deir el MedinehVillage on the west bank of the Nile inhabited by workmen who built the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings..
Ostraca papyriShard of pottery bearing a text or drawing.
Anankh signHieroglyphic sign denoting “life”. A T-shape surmounted by a loop.
General Egyptian / Sekhmet
ThothPatron of knowledge, secrets, writing, and scribes.
Kom el-Hatan